Starvation in North Korea

Published: 2021-06-29 07:10:46
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Category: Social Issues

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Starvation in North KoreaStudent NameCourse NameTutorDateIntroductionNorth Korea has been described as a destitute, starving country, a description that arises from the nation’s major famine that was experienced in the late 1990s that led to the death of a very huge number of North Korean citizens. In the late 1990s, a fractured economic infrastructure and inadequate food production were said to the cumulative effects that led to the greatest famine the nation has ever faced. Since the majority of the nation’s population relies on the food that is produced from only a small percentage of the arable land available countrywide, the food that was produced then plus other economic issues caused the massive famine. The nation recovered as the famine ended towards the early 2000s. However, the nation still goes through a hard time. It has been reported that there still is a huge number of individuals who suffer from hunger and malnutrition. This research in this paper sets to establish the current state of starvation in North Korea with a linkage between the current state and the 1990s famine. Research QuestionsIs North Korea facing starvation and what is the extent of the starvation the nation has experienced?Has the government contributed to the state of starvation in North Korea and how? PerspectivesThe Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, also known as North Korea, is located in East Asia, borders China and Russia to the north and South Korea to the south (Appendix 1). It is a small state with a temperate climate, whereby rainfall comes mainly during summer and long winters. Its terrain consists of hills and mountains that are separated by deep and narrow valleys. It also has wide coastal plains. The total arable land covers 20% of the nation, and a huge percentage of the nation is covered by forest. The nation came into being after Korea was divided into two zones at the end of the Second World War in 1945. The media remains fascinated with the nation’s supposed weirdness even today, whereby it is portrayed as a monolithic state and society and one that is sealed from the knowledge of the outside world. It is described as an independent socialist state, which, despite the fact that is holds elections formally, is somewhat a totalitarian dictatorship. The nation has a constitution which represents the interests of all Koreans, whereby the DPRK is said to be a nation that defends the democratic, national rights of Koreans overseas and their rights as recognized under international law. Sovereignty in the state emanates from workers, peasants, working intellectuals and all other working people, the social groups there. State organs, as per the constitution, are organized and operate on the democratic centralism principle (Worden 2009). Foreign forces have been driven out of the DPRK as the governments have been trying to reunify the nation on a democratic basis. North Korea has been ruled by a family, the Kim family, since the end of World War II. Kim II-sung, who was the nation’s leader from 1948, established a one-man dictatorship in the DPRK, whereby the people are required to have total loyalty and subjugation to the Kim family through successive generations. Successive leaders in the nation have been part of the Kim family, with the current being Kim Jong Un, the son of Kim Jong II (Armstrong 2013).  It was under Kim Jong II that North Korea suffered its worst famine ever. Under the leadership of Kim’s family, North Korea has been molded around a socialist system that follows extensive military policies, whereby the nation has carried out long-range missile development, proliferation of military-related items, the testing of nuclear devices, massive conventional armed forces, and has a history of military provocations (Central Intelligence Agency 2017). Its way of doing things has been of major concern to the international community, and as result, the DPRK has minimal international engagement.

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