By: Nick Price
The temperance movement was an international social movement that wanted to control the consumption of alcohol by the promotion of moderation or by complete abstinence of it. The temperance movement started as a church sponsored movement, that wanted people to quit drinking alcohol. People that supported the movement was mainly women and their children that saw the effects of drinking in the men of their lives. They saw that drinking cause a lot of social problems like crime and poverty.
The first temperance society in the Untied States was formed in Litchfield County, Connecticut, in 1789. It was created by prominent citizens that thought alcohol had hindered the conduct of their businesses. Later in 1813 in Massachusetts, the society's elites (clergymen, employers, and town officials) created the Massachusetts Society for the Suppression on Intemperance. They wanted to "suppress" the use of alcohol. They thought that it caused profaneness and gambling.
The reason for these two early temperance societies to form is because they saw that the newly opened lands of the states Pennsylvania, Tennessee, and Kentucky could produce much more grain that could be used for the manufacturing of whiskey. That is just what happen and whiskey soon flooded the markets. There was enough whiskey that everyone 15 and older could have 6.6 to 7.1 gallons of whiskey.
In 1826 sixteen clergy and laypersons in Boston, formed the American Society for the Promotion of Temperance. This society sent out missionaries to preach abstinence from using distilled spirits ( also known as alcohol). Soon as the missionaries went from state to state, the American Temperance Society was form. The American Temperance Society used a effected system of state, county, and local auxiliaries, to gain a national influence. Contributions made from supporters help support agents of the American Temperance Society to visit every part of the country and set up more temperance groups. By 1831 there was over 2,200 known societies all over the country, the most being